2023 Author: Beatrice Philips | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 03:41
A fireplace is a bonfire ennobled by civilization. How much peace and tranquility is given by the warmth of a crackling fire in a cozy room. No wonder the word "fireplace" (from the Latin caminus) means "open hearth".
Human fantasy, craftsmanship and the desire for comfort have led to the creation of various variations of the "hearth". By design, fireplaces are divided into closed (recessed into a niche), open, island (standing in the middle of the room), half-open (standing against the wall, but not connected to it). By type of fuel, they are wood, gas, biofuel. In the second half of the twentieth century, electric fireplaces became widespread.
In the modern world, models created both in the classical style, with a characteristic U-shaped richly decorated portal, and in a modernist manner, with an emphasized simplicity of design and a fundamental rejection of jewelry, are popular.
Real miracles in the construction and design of fireplaces began today . When creating modern models, metal, glass, various types of ornamental and decorative stones and other materials are used. Often, a fireplace is perceived by its sophistication as a real work of art. New designs of fireplaces have appeared. Modern engineers, artists and designers develop and manufacture various options for stationary and mobile, round and semicircular, island and semi-open, corner and even hanging fireplaces.
A shining example of a departure from classic mantel forms is the round version. In most cases, it is a free-standing structure of a cylindrical shape, the average diameter of which is 80-100 cm. Its lower, focal part, as a rule, is observed from all sides. Usually such a fireplace is installed in the central part of the room. At the same time, it becomes an important and most attractive part of the interior. A feature of this type of fireplace is the property of radial, uniform and rapid heat distribution throughout the room.
The main elements of the device of a round fireplace are a hearth or combustion chamber with a support (for hanging fireplaces, support is not needed - they are held by a chimney) and a chimney suspended above it and leaving through the ceiling of the house to the outside, which has a most often conical or cylindrical shape. At all times, fireplaces were appreciated for the opportunity not only to receive warmth, but also to enjoy the view of an open fire. Therefore, the hearth part of many models of round fireplaces is always open to the eye. For safety, it is often shielded with heat-resistant transparent glass with a mobile shutter.
The area around the hearth chamber should be protected from the ingress of burning coals or sparks, for example, lay it out with ceramic tiles in harmony with the interior.
Focal chambers are made of metal . The thermal conductivity and heat transfer of the walls of the combustion chamber depend on its properties, and, consequently, its ability to quickly heat the air in the room. Use sheet steel, cast iron, and a combination of both. The focal chamber is lined with various materials: sheet metal, glass, refractory ceramics. In antique-style models, clay and even tiles covered with multi-colored enamels can be used.
Nuances of use
It should be noted that round fireplaces using fossil fuels are only suitable for private houses, since a chimney is a prerequisite. It is better to install the fireplace simultaneously with the construction of the ceiling of the house. If the chimney is composed of parts, then the joints between them should not be on the same level with the ceilings. This point is important for safety.
For more efficient operation of a round fireplace, it is advisable to observe several rules:
- The area of the room in which it is installed must be at least 25 square meters.
- The ventilation system in the room will keep the air fresh. At the same time, the absence of harsh air currents will ensure calmness of the fire and prevent accidental blowing of sparks from the hearth.
- Create a circular perimeter with a diameter of at least one meter from the fireplace, where there should be no objects, especially flammable ones.
The most successful location of the round fireplace is in the living room, where home and family comfort is concentrated.
A round fireplace can decorate any place in the room . Such models are rarely used as a wall option. They are usually installed in the center of the room as an island model. The possibility of contemplating the fire in the hearth, which is open to the eyes from all sides, creates additional coziness and comfort in the house. These fireplaces are also great for decorating studio apartments. At the same time, the premises can be decorated in a variety of styles.
If the interior of the room is made in the "high-tech" style, straight lines and simple shapes are characteristic of it. In this case, a floor or pendant round fireplace, in the cladding of which glass and metal predominates, is quite suitable for you. The black or silver-metallic color of the structure against the background of an unpretentiously furnished room and a cylindrical chimney, made, for example, of dark heat-resistant glass or metal, will enhance the atmosphere of pragmatism and functionality.
If the room is decorated in the spirit of "country", ultramodern novelties are alien to it . The decoration uses wood, stone, brick, aged metal, floral ornaments prevail. A clay product will perfectly fit into such an interior. The hearth in the form of a large, fancifully painted clay pot will look very organic here. A chimney in the form of a horn of a wind musical instrument will also be appropriate.
If the room has an antique interior, it is dominated by furniture decorated with carvings, paintings in massive gilded frames. In this case, a round ceramic fireplace stove with excellent decorative properties and a transparent glass stove damper may suit you. Especially popular are models lined with white or beige ceramics and decorated with figured inserts of green, blue, purple and other colors, as well as multi-colored floral ornaments.
Hanging round fireplaces may not have full (360 degrees), but limited overview visibility of the hearth . The rounded or spherical capsule of the black combustion chamber, as it were, descends from the ceiling along the chimney pipe and looks into the house with the opening of the hearth, resembling an eye spewing flame. Such a futuristic picture can fit well into the interior of a modern museum or art platform.
Despite the relatively small range of products of this type, the interested buyer has a lot to choose from.
Few companies create round fireplaces , among which Piazzetta (Italy), Totem (France), Seguin (France), Bordelet (France), Sergio Leoni (Italy), Focus (France) and others stand out. Among the models presented by these brands, there are those with a pronounced classic design, and elegantly lightweight, and pragmatic-functional models.
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