2023 Author: Beatrice Philips | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 03:41
The presence of a fireplace in the interior of the apartment gives the room sophistication and chic. Depending on the preferences of the owner, it can be a romantic "antique" fireplace or a cubic biofireplace in a modern style. There are a lot of options for the execution of fireplaces, so each of the lovers of this ancient architectural element can choose the type, the purpose and features of which are best suited to his personal tastes and preferences.
The oldest purpose of a fireplace is to heat the room in which it is installed. Once upon a time these were the halls of knightly castles, hunting lodges or houses of the nobility. Only people of very high income could afford a fireplace, and therefore a stable attitude was fixed to this part of the interior as an element of luxurious life.
That is why today the main purpose of the fireplace has faded into the background, and giving the room a special atmosphere of coziness and conveying the spirit of luxury and the level of prosperity of the owners has become dominant.
The presence of a fireplace allows you to carry out the most interesting design solutions in the apartment , which would have been impossible without the installation of a fireplace portal. As an example, you can recall the charming Christmas garlands, candles, which are customary to be installed on mantelpieces, or decorating a corner by the fireplace for a friendly get-together with a cup of tea.
In some cases, a fireplace is not only a tribute to fashion and decoration of the room, but also a source of warmth and comfort, especially at the beginning of autumn, when it is cool in the apartments, because the central heating has not yet been turned on. These days it is especially pleasant to spend family evenings by the warm fireplace, listening to the rustle of rain outside the window. It is for these reasons that fireplaces began to appear more and more often not only in country houses, but also in city apartments.
If, as a rule, there are no problems with installing a fireplace in a private house, then the installation of such a device in an apartment building raises many questions. As you know, for a real fireplace that runs on solid fuel (usually firewood), a firebox, a portal made of refractory material and a chimney are required. All these requirements can be taken into account only in an apartment located on the top floor.
The placement of a real wood-burning fireplace will need to be agreed with the architectural and fire authorities to be sure that its use does not compromise the integrity of the building. This requirement is caused by the factors that the installation of the fireplace carries an additional load on the floors of the building, and the combustion products escaping through the chimney can serve as a source of ignition.
Only after submitting sketch drawings, carrying out examinations and agreeing on such a redevelopment, the owner of the apartment can begin the installation, and then please himself with the pleasant crackling of firewood in his personal fireplace.
In the event that it is not possible to legalize the installation of a real fireplace in an apartment, it is worth trying to install one of the options for an alternative device, because today there is a huge variety of decorative, electric and bio fireplaces on the market.
How to choose: varieties
In the interior of any room, the fireplace always plays a dominant role and is the compositional center. This fully applies to both a full-fledged structure and a decorative structure, or, as it is also called, a false fireplace.
This element of the interior is a portal fixed to the wall, which does not have a firebox and chimney, but is equipped with a mantelpiece, and sometimes a recess that replaces the firebox. Professional architects recommend thinking about installing a false fireplace even at the stage of creating an apartment reconstruction project.
In this case, you can effortlessly arrange not just a decorative portal, but also a risolite - this is the name of the duct inherent in a real fireplace, through which hot gases rise into the chimney. Risolite is eye-catching; it is very effective when decorated with shelves, mirrors and paintings.
Thanks to this technique, the fireplace will look like a real one and will create a so-called axis of architectural symmetry in the room, harmonizing the space.
Most often, the falshkamin portal is made of MDF, polyurethane or drywall (homemade false fireplaces), although more expensive materials for such structures are also used, for example, marble or artificial stone. Also, to create an impression of naturalness, it is advisable to equip a recess in the wall that simulates a firebox, and lay it inside and along the contours of ceramic refractory tiles.
Thanks to the cladding inside such a structure, candles can be placed without fear of ignition. The multilevel option for placing large candles will be very interesting. A wrought-iron wood-burning stove can serve the same purpose, where up to a dozen candles of different heights can simultaneously fit, which, of course, cannot serve to heat the room, but will fill the room with a play of living fire and warm golden light.
In the case when it is unsafe to leave burning candles in the fireplace niche, candle-lanterns, for example, made in the Art Nouveau style, will be a good find.
The false fireplace portal can be used as a rack or cabinet , you can hang shelves next to it, and put old books in a false darn. A mirror or a collection of ceramics will look beautiful above the mantelpiece. To make the false fireplace more natural, you can lay the floor around the firebox with stone tiles, as is usually done to protect against the embers falling out of a real fireplace. For a full-fledged perception of a false fireplace, you can put real logs next to it and use them as candle holders.
A smokeless and low-maintenance electric fireplace also allows you to create the necessary contemplative atmosphere in a city apartment, but compared to a false fireplace, the electric model has an additional plus, since it also serves to heat the room.
You can install an electric fireplace with a 3D effect of real living fire, with an LCD screen, with a steam generator, a fan heater and even an infrared fireplace.
Depending on the installation method, the following varieties are distinguished:
- Tabletop electric fireplaces, which are a portable device installed on a bedside table, shelf or table.
- Suspended models that are mounted on the wall, outwardly, such devices are similar to a television panel.
- Built-in electric fireplaces, which are made of heat-resistant material and can be installed in cabinets, cabinets or even in bars.
- Mobile products equipped with their own small portal, which have a firebox with an imitation of fire and wheels for ease of movement.
- Wall-mounted fireplace sets that are heavy and large. For the installation of such models, portals are used, built into the wall, which can be made of MDF with a veneer coating, as well as from plaster, natural or artificial stone.
All these types of electric fireplaces successfully cope with the tasks assigned to them . They emit heat, light and create the illusion of a real living flame. The most realistic are devices with a built-in steam generator. The steam, which is cold and generated by ultrasonic action on the water, is illuminated by halogen lamps, creating a very realistic fire and smoke effect that is always unique.
An additional advantage that steam models have is the humidification of the air in the room, which contributes to a more comfortable feeling for the residents.
In realism, such fireplaces can compete with models with an LCD screen or with a 3D effect, which cannot be distinguished from real fireplaces even at a very close distance.
When it comes to wall-mounted and wall-mounted models, they have fireplace shelves that can be decorated in the traditional way. The owners can do this with their own hands. For this, candles, mirrors, garlands, frames with photographs, that is, everything that is usually customary to place on the shelf of a traditional fireplace, will come in handy.
This type of fireplace combines seemingly incompatible elements: the presence of fire and the absence of smoke and soot. In the case of installing such a smokeless device in the living room, the owners can enjoy the game of a living flame without bothering themselves with preparing firewood, cleaning coals, or coordinating a chimney.
Bio fireplaces do not require a chimney at all , they can work autonomously, have a wide variety of shapes or sizes, their design is similar to a vase or a mini-basket, which can be easily carried from place to place. And at the same time, the fire that burns in the biofireplace is the most real.
The secret of the work of such a mobile hearth lies in the fuel used in biofireplaces. It is denatured ethanol, which, when burned, decomposes into carbon dioxide and water vapor, releasing heat. Thus, the biofireplace not only shines, but also warms, this should be taken into account when creating interiors with its use.
For example, if you want to install a TV over a biofireplace, you should think about creating a thermal barrier between these two devices.
Since the combustion process is accompanied by the absorption of oxygen, it is recommended to keep the window open when igniting the biofireplace. In some cases, it is simply necessary, as users notice a pungent smell that appears when burning certain types of biofuels. Architects recommend designing a hood in those rooms where it is planned to install an alcohol fireplace, or use them outdoors, for example, on a loggia.
You can install a biofireplace in the kitchen or in another room equipped with a supply and exhaust ventilation system, then smells will not become an obstacle to enjoying an open fire. There are also alternative models of biofireplaces that run on gel fuel, such a device does not emit a smell, however, from time to time it needs to be cleaned of carbon deposits.
Despite the disadvantages that distinguish the biofireplace, it can be called a recent design trend.
The following varieties are produced:
- Small portable models designed for desktop installation.
- Stationary built-in models that can be of various sizes and geometries.
By the type of ignition, there are mechanical and automatic bio fireplaces, some ultra-modern products can be controlled even with a smartphone. Automation is able to regulate the intensity of combustion, turn on and off the device, without exposing the owner to the danger of getting burned.
In the case of purchasing a biofireplace with mechanical ignition, you should carefully use a lighter, a poker and a heating block damper.
When equipping the interior with the use of a bio fireplace, it is either installed on a table or a curbstone, or embedded in walls, partitions and shelves. In most cases, these are modern interiors, made in a strict and laconic style: minimalism, industrial loft, techno, gothic, hi-tech, modern style. There is no additional decor for the bio fireplace, since this device is self-sufficient and is able to revive the most minimalist environment.
Fireplaces that run on fuels such as gas, of course, require the obligatory arrangement of a chimney and a source of constant supply of fresh air into the room. All this casts doubt on the possibility of installing such a fireplace in a city apartment if it is not located on the top floor and the house is not equipped with separate ventilation ducts.
In any case, the installation of such a fireplace requires permission from the fire authorities and gas services, which are engaged in connecting the gas supply to such a fireplace.
By the type of installation, gas fireplaces can be:
- Classic (built-in), which have a fireproof firebox installed in a brick or stone portal that has a connection to a chimney.
- Floor-standing, representing a decoratively designed firebox-chamber, for the installation of which a specially prepared fireproof base and a chimney are provided.
- Wall-mounted, which are fixed with brackets in a suspended state, such fireplaces have a chimney-chimney, at the same time performing a decorative role, which looks especially futuristic in modern industrial interiors.
All options for gas fireplaces have several combustion modes , which allows both to be used for purely decorative purposes, and to be used for heating a room. Classic models look the most impressive and realistic. When installing such a fireplace, it is possible to strike a balance between the presence of live fire in the room and the cleanliness that is ensured by the absence of wood or coal.
The design presentation of the built-in gas fireplace is no different from the design of a classic wood-burning fireplace. Beautiful interior ideas can be realized by installing a sofa, a table and armchairs near the burning hearth, and thereby equipping the area for tea drinking. Since any fireplace becomes the center of the room, based on its appearance, designers are advised to select furniture and decorative elements.
The general style usually depends on the design of the portal, most often it is the classic style or the modern style.
A real wood-burning fireplace in a modern apartment is almost a fantastic picture, however, it can be realized. This can be done if, when buying an apartment under construction, you add a chimney to the building project, or buy housing in a house with an unused chimney. These are often Stalinist-built houses, however, upon obtaining a permit, an examination of the bearing structures for strength is carried out, because the fireplace has a very significant weight, and its installation can cause damage to the building as a whole.
A load of no more than 150 kg per 1 sq. m, while the area of the room should not be less than 20 sq. m, and the ceiling height is at least 3 m.
Coordination of the installation of such a fireplace is a whole epic, which, if successful, will bring incomparable pleasure from owning a source of live fire in the living room, and will also significantly increase the cost of an apartment, turning it from a standard to a luxurious one.
Thanks to the installation of a real fireplace, apartment owners have many options for interesting design solutions . When decorating a portal in a classical style, the presence of stucco molding on the ceiling, moldings on the walls, and various borders can become a natural continuation. Solid wood doors, wooden furniture and crystal lamps will help to underline the luxurious atmosphere.
However, do not think that a wood-burning fireplace will only decorate a classic interior. It will be appropriate in a rustic style, fusion, Provence, and, of course, in a luxurious art deco interior.
Where to install?
The location of the fireplace largely depends on its design and appearance. Large built-in fireplaces can be either wall-mounted or corner fireplaces, whether they are functional or purely decorative. By placing such a fireplace in the corner of the hall, you can save space, while zoning the room by allocating a small fireplace area, convenient for relaxation and contemplation.
In the event that a built-in fireplace is installed in the center of the wall, it is also customary to arrange upholstered furniture around it, placing a tea or coffee table in the center. In most cases, it is this arrangement of fireplaces that is considered a classic, but recently new trends have appeared in the presentation of this architectural element.
To install a fireplace in an apartment, they erect partitions with holes ., in which, behind heat-resistant glass, there is a spectacular fireplace that runs on alcohol fuel. Such a partition is often lined with stone, brick or tiles, turning into an element that separates the territory of the kitchen and living room in an apartment. You can admire such an element of decor from two rooms at the same time.
In the case when it comes to a wall-mounted electric fireplace, it can be hung not only on the wall of the hall, but also placed in the bedroom. Due to the presence of a mode of operation without heating, this model can also serve as a night light.
A suspended gas fireplace will be appropriate in a loft-style studio apartment or in the minimalist interior of a bachelor's den, and it can be conveniently located in any of the rooms, from an office to a bedroom or a bathroom.
Live fire is the main decoration of the fireplace, one of its functions is to create decorative lighting in the room. Therefore, in the room where the fireplace is installed, it is worthwhile to provide for directional light sources that will not compete with the flickering glare of the fire.
The presence of powerful and bright lighting with a chandelier is undesirable , the combined lighting of the fireplace area would be an ideal option. These can be spots, a floor lamp with a lampshade, placed on the walls of a sconce, or a small table lamp. This approach will create comfortable conditions for movement in the room, while maintaining the mysterious twilight.
Reflections of a living flame or the flickering of an electric fireplace will in this case cast mysterious shadows on the walls of the room, creating a romantic and mysterious atmosphere.
If the fireplace has a marble portal, classic-shaped lamps will look very impressive next to it. To decorate a bright fireplace, lamps made of multi-colored Murano glass are suitable. For a futuristic fireplace in the form of an elongated pencil case, cylinders-lamps, which are made in pearl-white plastic, will become a beautiful frame.
Nevertheless, since the living room is not only a fireplace area, but also an area for the joint pastime of all family members, the need for full lighting in this room also takes place. Therefore, it would be ideal to equip controlled lighting with the ability to switch from general to local.
The fireplace will decorate any apartment, be it spacious apartments or small rooms, you just need to be able to choose exactly the option that is appropriate in each case.
When designing an apartment in an old building equipped with chimneys, you can plan a wood-burning fireplace, made, for example, of refractory concrete. This unexpected solution will be an ideal option for creating a modern interior and will not cause significant damage to the wallet of the owners. Since concrete is heavy, the architects suggest going for the trick by making the top of the structure out of gypsum fiber, then covering the entire fireplace with a homogeneous plaster mix.
A modern interior solution can be applied in the design of the premises ., to create an open space of the kitchen-dining room with a large number of modular storage systems and household appliances necessary for a comfortable life. A voluminous monumental concrete fireplace will not look out of place in a minimalist interior, on the contrary, it will emphasize the laconicism of the solution, and its strict straight lines will continue the geometry of the cabinets.
For those who like classic romanticism, wood, gas or false fireplaces can be decorated in a hunting style. By adding a wrought-iron chandelier on a chain, a stuffed deer, an antique carpet and leather chairs to the room, the fireplace area can be turned into a corner of Victorian England and amaze guests with its delicate taste. The original design of the fireplace with a stone hearth is accentuated by wood paneling in the wall cladding and luxurious doors. For ease of maintenance, this interior can be decorated with modern materials. For example, wooden tiles effectively imitate stone and solid wood panels, they are unpretentious in operation and have a reasonable price.
The placement of the fireplace as a divider looks interesting between the zones of the premises of a one-room studio apartment. For example, in the case when you need to separate the kitchen space from the dining room, you can build a partition into which a biofireplace or an electric fireplace is mounted. This option will allow you to combine convenience, functionality and aesthetics: watching the fire and warming up in this case will be convenient, being in both rooms. You can decorate a dividing fireplace wall using porcelain stoneware, marble or ceramic tiles. In some cases, a fireproof curtain is used. This is convenient when a fireplace separates, for example, a bedroom and a living room. For greater realism, pebbles or fragments of stone can be laid out on the biofireplace pallet to surround the fire with a decent frame.
If the owners have a desire to see a fireplace in a royal style, they can order a portal made of stone with a large masonry. It is desirable that the adjoining wall has a similar design; in this case, modern materials can be used that will successfully replace natural stone and create the effect of the Middle Ages. Such a fireplace will be successfully combined with both antique furniture and modern soft "smart" sofas, it will be appropriate in any interior.
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