2023 Author: Beatrice Philips | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 03:41
When the summer cottage season begins, one of the main issues of concern to gardeners is the protection of plants from various adverse factors. Weeds are a problem, for example. Manufacturers offer a modern canvas made using the latest technologies to protect plantings . It allows you to save energy, while not causing significant damage to the budget. This know-how is the black covering material .
What is it needed for?
The covering material has a huge number of positive properties . It helps protect seedlings from low temperatures, prevents fungal infections and weed growth, but does not interfere with the flow of oxygen. The product is designed for long-term operation and can be actively used for 7 or more years.
Under a dense canvas, the earth will not be washed out by rain. There is no reaction with poisons and dressings, so the properties will persist for a long time. And also the material protects against snails and slugs, which feel uncomfortable under it.
The lawn with stretched covering material looks very well-groomed. The composition of the soil is preserved . In addition, this option is very relevant for a summer residence, which the owners can visit only on weekends, because it helps to retain moisture for a longer period, preventing its evaporation. Since the access of ultraviolet rays is blocked, weeds will not actively grow, respectively, the amount of weeding is minimized.
The material, which is black and yellow, helps prevent the appearance of parasites . They stop orienting themselves in space and can reproduce.
Black and white fabric is recommended for growing strawberries.
For the mulching procedure, a black and black and white canvas is suitable .… It can be either a non-woven material or a film. However, it should be borne in mind that the film will not allow moisture to pass through, so you should think about organizing drip irrigation. When working in greenhouses, it is recommended to give preference to agrofibre.
Black geotextile is a more drastic solution. If you need to work in greenhouses that are not heated, it is better to use a canvas that is black on one side and foil on the other.
It is placed upside down with foil, which will reflect sunlight.
Pros and cons
Before making a choice, you need to consider the pros and cons of the black covering material. A number of gardeners believe that he is better than white, and more reliably copes with the tasks .
The canvas is able to protect plantings from the effects of an adverse environment. They are not affected by direct sunlight and precipitation. And also a deficiency of moisture and nutrition is excluded. The natural microclimate does not allow pathogenic bacteria to take root, in addition, ideal conditions for growth are created. The seedlings are very easy to care for, fertilize or water.
It is noted that the black covering material is universal. It can be used when organizing greenhouses and greenhouses, for arranging paths or stretching over a garden bed.
Having a rather dense structure, it retains its functions for a long time and looks great. Various materials can be actively used for a long time.
Black film is most often used for mulching procedures … The product is highly appreciated for its affordable price. Reinforced canvases are popular in landscape design. Weeds practically do not grow under the black film.
However, this tool may have and limitations … A number of them are associated with improper installation of the product or non-observance of operating rules. In this case, significant harm can be caused to the seedlings, since errors lead to the appearance of condensation, and it threatens with problems such as fungus, and in some cases, the death of plants.
Besides, black products are subject to strong heating … Since the passage of air is difficult, this can threaten the formation of rot. To make the negative features less pronounced, gardeners recommend sprinkling the material with straw. In hot areas, cover the plantings with newspapers or grass. UV stabilizers are destroyed after 2 months of operation.
The black covering canvas has several varieties. Differences can be in parameters:
- preparation method.
The choice should be made in accordance with the needs of the consumer. Let's consider the most popular materials .
- Spunbond is made from polypropylene fibers . It is resistant to ultraviolet radiation, is not afraid of a drop in temperature and precipitation. It can be used both outdoors and in greenhouses or greenhouses. The density of 50 g / m2 not only protects against cold weather, but also helps prevent the development of weeds. For cold areas, the indicators should be higher: up to 120 g / m 2. The canvas can be two-layer , in this case it is also suitable for mulching procedures. The light layer protects from overheating and neutralizes the effects of sunlight, while the dark one, located at the bottom, protects against weed growth.
Reinforced materials are used to decorate garden paths.
- Geotextiles are made from polyester fibers that are exposed to heat . It is characterized by excellent air permeability and durability. Among the advantages are affordable cost, versatility, reliability and ease of installation.
- Agrospan is an analogue of spunbond . UV stabilizers are available. They are distinguished by their low price, excellent protection from weeds.
- Agrotex is presented in several forms . The surface of the canvas is perforated, so there is no need to manually cut holes for seedlings. Protects against insects, temperature extremes, pathogenic bacteria.
- Agril has good air permeability . It copes well with the appearance of weeds. Protects against lowering and higher temperatures, prevents the formation of a crust on the ground. Promotes the earliest possible harvest. The material is capable of transmitting sunlight, therefore it is optimal for use in greenhouses.
How to choose?
In order for a material to have all the perceived merits, it is necessary to take seriously its choice. Gardeners recommend choosing only a product that has branded packaging . Otherwise, there is a risk of acquiring a cheap fake under the name of an expensive brand. Accordingly, the properties of such a product will be far from the declared ones. In addition, it is necessary to distinguish between concepts, for example, film, spunbond or lumitex.
And also follows in advance decide on the method of application . Material with a density of 17 to 30 g / m 2 perfectly protects plantings from the cold, 42-60 g / m 2 is used in hotbeds and greenhouses. Higher performance products are able to provide protection against weeds, frost and drought. In addition, if you need an ultraviolet stabilizer, you need to look for a product labeled "UV".
How to use?
The application of the black covering material can be different. Users can lay it both in the country and in the garden. Let's consider the most popular applications:
In the first case, the material stretched over a specially prepared frame … The purpose of the greenhouses is to warm up the soil as early as possible so that seedlings can be grown in it. The canvas should be quite dense, since it will be subject to a significant load in the form of precipitation, wind and a decrease in temperature. However, at the same time, sufficient humidity and the necessary temperature regime must be maintained inside the greenhouse or greenhouse for the plants to grow and develop more actively.
Frameless way it is assumed when you need to warm up the earth and hide the seedlings from sunlight. For this, a material that is not too high density is quite suitable. The soil is covered immediately after the seedlings are planted. Such a canvas will allow air and water to pass through, but at the same time provide protection from sunlight. Since it does not weigh too much, the seedlings in the process of growth will be able to calmly pick it up without breaking.
Any of these nonwoven fabrics can be used for mulching . In this case, the soil will not overheat and dry out, and weeds will no longer actively grow. Since water and dirt do not get under the canvas, the fruits remain clean and do not rot. The microclimate is optimal for planting to develop correctly.
Covering material must be laid on a bed prepared in advance . Further, cross cuts are made along the marks. Seedlings are planted in these places. It should be noted that in this case, the seedlings will not require frequent watering and weeding. The harvest will be plentiful and of high quality.
White Bedroom (175 Photos): Design In White With Bright Accents, White-green And White-blue, White-lilac And White-brown
The white bedroom looks interesting, fresh and beautiful. With the help of some tricks, it is filled with warmth and comfort. How to create a design in white with bright accents? What styles do the white-green and white-blue colors belong to?
Covering Material For Greenhouses: How To Cover The Greenhouse And Which Covering Is Better, What Non-woven Reflective Material Can Be Used To Cover The Greenhouse
Covering material for greenhouses is represented by a wide variety in the modern building materials market. What should be used to cover a greenhouse or greenhouse? Which modern coating is better to use?
With its simplicity and ease of use, the covering material allows you to effectively control weeds. There are several types of it for the beds. What types of covering products are divided into? To choose the right covering material, before buying, you need to read the instructions and recommendations for use
Covering Material: Nonwovens For Trees And Other Plants. Which Side To Lay Up? White Covering Material And Other Colors For The Garden
What covering material exists and what are the characteristics of its types? What density are nonwovens? Which canvas should be chosen for trees and other plants, depending on the density and purpose of use? Which side should you lay up?
How To Lay Roofing Material? Which Side To Lay: Smooth Or Rough? How To Cover The Roof And Lay On The Foundation? How To Grease The Seams?
How to properly lay roofing material? Which side to lay it on: smooth or rough? How to mount the crate? How to cover the roof and lay on the foundation? How to coat the seams?