2023 Author: Beatrice Philips | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 03:41
What could be the main attraction of a recreation area on a personal backyard farm? An outdoor fireplace, of course! Such a structure will always gather people around it, will become a symbol of comfort on the site.
In the fireplace stove, you can easily cook barbecue and many other dishes that will not leave anyone indifferent.
Before proceeding with the construction of a street hearth, it is worth choosing a place on the site. It is best if the object is not too close to the house - this will avoid the spread of odors in the room. It will also be nice to track the wind rose and position the fireplace so that the smoke is not directed inside the site, or at least not in the direction of residential buildings.
An outdoor fireplace must be in sight not tightly closed by plants, fences or buildings. Then it will really become a decoration of the garden and its attraction - everyone will see and appreciate it, and so it will be possible to control the combustion process from almost anywhere on the site.
A hedge will help get rid of the draft, which will not interfere with the view, but will only create comfort and the necessary microclimate. However, you should not organize such a landscape object close to an open fire, this will help to avoid a fire. Fire safety regulations should be strictly followed, and if in doubt, it is best to consult the local fire safety department. Employees will inform about the accepted norms in the region.
The main criteria for determining the type of fireplace is its functionality, as well as its mobility, or vice versa, stationarity. When choosing the best option for yourself, you should take into account how the hearth will be used, as well as how much space such an object can take on the site.
There are fireplaces with a completely decorative purpose or with a decorative and utilitarian purpose . Exterior hearths, designed to serve only the purposes of design and harmony of the soul, can be made in the form of a bowl on forged legs, laid out with a stone in a circle, made in the form of a cube and other possible forms.
Such models do not involve cooking, the maximum that can be done at such a source of fire is to fry marshmallows or sausages on a skewer.
Such products can be portable, for the winter or in case of departure, the decorative fireplace can be removed. Portable stoves have a wider purpose. In such a model, a barbecue grill may be present, which allows you to fry a small amount of meat. The foreign option is a barbecue grill.
According to device technology, outdoor fireplaces can be divided into the following types:
- Equipped open fire designed for decorative purposes. A kind of fire that can be shaped with stone, brick or any other heat-resistant material (even special glass).
- Barbecue oven . The design is equipped with a chimney and allows you to roast meat over an open fire and over coals. In addition, you can cook any food in a special fire-resistant container. Can be permanent or portable.
- Smokehouse . It is not too difficult to build such an object with your own hands. The main thing is to stick to the technology. There are off-the-shelf portable street smokehouses that are very popular.
- Brazier . This is the simplest device for cooking meat and other dishes on an open fire or charcoal. It can be stationary and portable. A permanent brazier can be built from bricks, portable models are usually metal.
- Street bread or Pompeian oven . Suitable for those who like to bake pies, homemade bread, cook pizza on the street or pita bread. In such a structure, heat is not given by coals or open fire, but by highly heated inner walls, which are made of heat-resistant and heat-consuming materials. The vault at the firebox is vaulted and has only one narrow chimney. This design collects as much heat as possible and does not release it.
With wide possibilities of the size of a plot of a summer cottage or a country estate, you can build an object that will include several types of street hearths at once. The most popular option is a barbecue oven with a smokehouse. This combination allows you to cook several dishes at once.
Outdoor fireplaces can be divided according to the type of material from which they are made:
- Brick ovens . The most popular material for making your own outdoor fireplaces is brick. It heats up quickly enough, and then keeps the heat for a long time, which allows you to cook for a long time and warm up next to the stove on a cool day. In addition, the material is easy to work with, relatively inexpensive and affordable.
There are several types of bricks . They differ from each other in composition, method of production of the finished product, and, consequently, in characteristics. It is important that the fireplace does not crack when exposed to strong heat and can easily withstand temperatures of 1000 degrees Celsius.
Fireclay bricks are used directly for laying the furnaces.
Manufacturers offer not only the classic shape of the product, but also a wedge-shaped one, which is used for laying arched holes.
However, such material is not suitable for facing a fireplace, since it tends to expand strongly when heated. For decorative finishes, it is better to purchase a front red solid brick. A smooth, uniform surface of the product, as well as various forms for laying arches and portals, will allow you to form a beautiful and durable object.
- Stone fireplaces . Stone in the manufacture of outdoor stoves is used only for cladding. It is best to choose natural rather than artificial material. In this way, the release of toxic elements can be avoided with strong heating.
The base, that is, the furnace part of such a structure, is laid out with fireclay bricks, decorative finishing in places where the temperature will be over 80 degrees can be made with dolomite or basalt. You should not choose materials that cannot easily withstand heat, for example, rubble granite.
Stone finishing is very well combined with metal, forging, facing brick, it is able to support any style on the site, it looks noble and luxurious.
When choosing a design for a future garden fireplace or fireplace, one should take into account the design of the facade of a residential building, as well as outbuildings on the territory. For harmonious unity in a suburban area, you can use the same finishing materials that were used even for paving paths (for example, natural stone, which has heat-resistant characteristics).
The design of an outdoor fireplace is strongly coupled with its functionality . To create coziness in your country house, to decorate a recreation area, as well as to maintain landscape design, you can pick up a portable outdoor fireplace. Such products are very popular in creating a special atmosphere in the courtyard of a private house or townhouse within the city with its own small plot of land of a couple of hundred square meters.
Due to the fact that there are models that do not require heating with wood, your own house and neighboring buildings will not suffer from the smell of burning, as well as from acrid smoke.
However, such a fire will not heat up very much, but a spectacular element of landscape design will definitely be obtained.
Due to the variety of designs, such a garden hearth can be made in any style. Models made of metal and glass will be a good addition to the landscape design and the facade of a high-tech residential building, ornamented bowls will complement the classic style, and stone forms - Provence or country styles.
If, in addition to visual pleasure, you want to inhale the aroma of a burning tree from the flame, then you should consider the option of a portable wood-burning fireplace. Designer finds have something in common with models without a wood-burning stove, but there are also some peculiarities. These include stove stoves. They look very modern, take up little space, and some models have special fixtures to hold the barbecue grill and skewers.
Portable outdoor fireplaces are good because they do not take up much space, their location can be changed. But their functionality is not great. By and large, apart from decorative properties, they have nothing else.
A small hearth can be laid out on your own from stone or brick . A popular shape is a circle. Typically, this type can be used for cooking. An equipped fireplace is a great way to warm up in a cool evening by the fire in a friendly company. Monolithic execution - a paved seating area, seating areas laid out of stone in a semicircle, the proximity of an alpine slide or an artificial reservoir with waterfalls or a fountain and, of course, an open flame are good components of relaxation that go well together.
Real home comfort in the yard or on a large suburban area can be created with the help of an overall stationary outdoor fireplace. Popular styles of high-tech and minimalism are considered the main directions in the arrangement of the exterior in modern small yards. Simple geometric shapes, finishing with heat-resistant tiles in cold tones, a minimum of decor - the embodiment of strict elegance of styles.
Delicate shabby chic, simple country style for gardens and courtyards can be complemented by a small outdoor stove, plastered and whitewashed. As a decoration, you can lay out a pole and an arch with a stone, or leave some bricks without covering them with plaster.
Light in execution, and most importantly, harmonious in the exterior, rustic style is an excellent option for decorating a recreation area with a fireplace. Rough raw natural materials blend harmoniously into the ensemble with fruit trees, shrubs and flower gardens, and are complemented by elegant and graceful elements of decor and garden furniture.
For those who like to cook and gather a large number of guests, ovens combined in functionality, made in a purely Russian style, are best suited. You can cook several dishes at the same time or change the menu every day. In addition, such a design fits perfectly into the local landscape, nature, and is combined with the peculiarities of our architecture.
When choosing the option of portable fireplaces, it is worth considering both domestic and foreign manufacturers. In Russia, well-known companies that manufacture portable barbecues, stoves, campfire bowls, hearths and garden fireplaces, as well as stationary options are:
Products are made of metal, predominantly black. Forging elements serve as decor. Thus, the base of the barbecue grill can be decorated with silhouettes of trees, wild animals, the back wall of the fireplace is artistically made with imitation of leaves, running horses, salamanders, campfire bowls can be round and trapezoidal with geometric patterns or a motif of wildlife, and so on. All products for the winter can be disassembled.
The company manufactures portable disposable products.
The city of origin is Moscow. The fireplaces, unusual in shape and design, are made of bricks; smooth white plaster is used as facing material. There are different types of product filling - barbecue grill, Russian stove, cauldron with a forged stand, sink, as well as their combinations as part of one product. The products of LLC "Barbecue" are from a more expensive segment, but both the appearance and the material are reliable and durable, especially since the structure is stationary.
Overseas manufacturers offer their range of portable fireplaces and barbecues . It is precisely such a segment of hearths with a flame that is developed abroad. Major firms:
The American company Weber has been creating barbecue products since 1952 and is a world famous brand. A distinctive feature of the product is its spherical shape. The grill body can be solid or transparent glass. There are coal, gas and electric models. The best barbecue comes from a charcoal grill.
The manufacturer gives a 10-year warranty for its products, which indicates the excellent quality of the goods.
The German company Radius Design offers special round hearth bowls for grilling with a device in the form of a round grate located directly above the flame. However, in this case, the criterion for choosing such a product is rather decorative properties than the ability to cook over an open fire.
By purchasing a portable fireplace, it is necessary to evaluate the following characteristics:
- metal thickness;
- base area;
- product weight;
- heating method;
- fire safety;
- product stability;
- the possibility of assembly-disassembly;
When self-erecting a stationary outdoor fireplace, you should take care of a stable foundation. It is best to prepare a concrete site with a large coverage area. To do this, tear out the top layer of soil on the marked area, cover it with a sand-gravel mixture - form a pillow. Next, a timber formwork, reinforcing rods or a reinforced mesh are installed and the area is poured with cement mortar.
Complete solidification of the foundation occurs in 5-7 days, then you can remove the formwork and start building the fireplace itself.
Different types of braziers have their own construction technology . The simplest option is an open barbecue; the more complicated option has a chimney. It is important that the bricks used for laying the firebox are the same, since different types have different expansion coefficients. The inside of the stove and chimney should not be plastered - the plaster is not designed for such temperature fluctuations.
Special heat-resistant building materials will increase the service life of the building and will have the best qualities for cooking.
To build, you will need the following tools and materials:
- a hammer with a rubber tip;
- Master OK;
- finishing material to choose from.
It is best to draw a drawing before direct work, according to which it will be possible to make an estimate, calculate the required amount of material. The scale of the future fireplace should be indicated on the diagram not only in meters or centimeters, but also in the number of bricks in one row. For the chimney, firebox and side extensions, it is better to draw additional detailed drawings.
The process of building the fireplace itself looks like this:
Dissolve the cement mixture in a bucket
- It is necessary to clearly follow the scheme when laying out each row. The base is laid out with oven bricks. It is necessary to alternate layers running along and across, so each new row will close the seam of the previous one. The surface should be constantly monitored with a building level.
- For the furnace and the combustion chamber, the stove brick is replaced with refractory brick. The process of formation of the furnace cavity begins with an exit to the chimney.
- When the firebox arch is folded, the laying continues with oven bricks. Directly, the chimney can be laid out with bricks on its own, or you can purchase a ready-made cast monoblock chimney.
- You can start decorative work.
For the finished object, it is necessary to build a canopy so that water does not enter the chimney. From time to time, you should clean the furnace from burning and soot. This can be done with plain soapy water. The fat dissolves well the talcum powder left in the barbecue area for several days.
The fireplace area is not necessarily a separate area in the garden. In order to save space, the summer open veranda can also be equipped with an oven. It is important to observe the stylistic orientation of the entire space, then all the details will look chic and harmonious.
An alternative option is to build a gazebo with a fireplace. In this case, you can experiment with finishes and in addition, get rid of the smell of smoke and food in the house.
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